ILEK University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart
High-rises could be one solution for the future of urban planning. However, due to the increasing global population and the limits of available resources, new technologies are necessary. The upcoming building tasks cannot be accomplished with conventional methods of construction, as some resources are already being consumed at a higher rate than they can naturally be renewed. Therefore, the “Adaptive Skins and Structures for the Built Environment of Tomorrow” Collaborative Research Center was initiated at the University of Stuttgart. Here, “adaptivity” describes a method in which systems adapt their properties and behavior as a reaction to their changing, surrounding environment. In high-rises, adaptive strategies have so far mainly been used in active mass damping. In previous research, Prof. Werner Sobek introduced further advanced strategies for adaptivity in connection with building structures and façades. Sensors, actuators and control units can be implemented in façades and structures to oppose impacts to the system in an ideal way.
In this context, a 36-meter “adaptive” high-rise will be realized using steel construction with integrated actuators on an experimental platform in Stuttgart. It will offer multiple research opportunities in the fields of structural engineering, building physics, system dynamics, architecture and beyond. This includes adaptive structures and envelopes, which will be implemented and tested in this experimental high-rise building. Upon completion, it will likely be the world’s largest adaptive structure. This presentation introduces the core topics of the Collaborative Research Center and will depict the concept and planning process of this high-rise building as emblematic of the necessity of transitioning the building sector from conservative methods to innovative research solutions.