Development and Design of Elevators in Tall Buildings Through Simulation

Elena Cortona
Head System, Quality & Validation
Schindler, Ebikon

Elevators are the enablers of vertical transportation and traffic management through tall buildings. They are mission critical elements needed to keep the people and material flow in, out and within urban habitats. Therefore, a flawless operation is the minimal requirement to be fulfilled. On the other side, there are several differentiation elements related to the performance achieved by vertical transportation. Elevators should serve a call in as little time as possible, with a maximum of ride quality and thereby consuming as little energy as possible. These high demands are typically not independent and often contradictory, which renders their optimization a complex task.

These different aspects are often separately and optimized singularly depending on specific customer requirements. A new and different approach implies the usage of complex modelling and optimization algorithms. In this context, the Elevator Dynamic Environment “EDEn” has recently been developed. It is a mathematical and physical description of the relevant dynamic effects of the elevator components and system. EDEn is highly parameterizable, whereby it allows to simulate and investigate the performance (e.g. ride quality, temporal behaviour as well as energy consumption) of various elevator configurations.

In this presentation, we describe how EDEn is used to assist the optimization of elevator component and system design for tall building application. Its simulation results serve as a basis for a sensitivity analysis answering the question how the different design parameter affect the performance and how they are linked.